Candida (fungal) infections in younger and older women
Vaginal Candida infections are often associated with unpleasant inflammatory symptoms of the vaginal tissue. Redness on the inside of the labia, accumulation of fluid in the tissue, an itching and burning feeling, cracking and pain, including during intercourse, are common. The vaginal discharge is odourless and appears white and crumbly.
If you have these symptoms, please consult your general practitioner, who will first diagnose you and will prescribe you a course of antifungal product. Many women often develop another Candida infection shortly afterwards.
In particular after using a short-term course of a current antifungal product such as fluconazole, the vaginal tissue often still has yet to recover. Fissures and wounds form, which often allow Candida to gain a foothold in the vaginal tissue again, resulting in a recurring pattern of the disease.
By using Premeno® duo directly after a course of antifungal product, the tissue, damaged as a result of the vaginal infection, heals more rapidly because of the product’s woundhealing properties, making the vaginal tissue less susceptible to another infection.
It has also been shown that hyaluronic acid, the active ingredient in Premeno ®duo vaginal ovules, has an inhibitory effect on the growth of Candida and its attachment to tissue cells.
Premeno® duo can therefore also be used to prevent Candida infections.
Bacterial vaginosis around menopause
During the menopause, oestrogen levels fall. Oestrogen ultimately
contributes to the production of lactic acid in vaginal tissue. The mean purpose of this is that lactic acid ensures that the vagina is an acidic environment (pH 3.8-4.5), forming a natural barrier to vaginal infections.
Vaginal dryness and an increased risk of vaginal infection are known to be caused by the same hormonal changes. Bacterial vaginosis is a vaginal infection that may occur during the menopause due to changing hormone levels, leading to an imbalance in the vaginal flora.
Bacterial vaginosis is characterized by the following:
- reduced acidity in the vagina (pH higher than 4.5)
- absence of Lactobacillus that produces lactic acid
- a generally thin, greyish white discharge with an unpleasant ‘fishy’ odour, noticeable especially during intercourse
- vaginal tissue does not generally become red or inflamed
- Sometimes irritation of the labia and vagina occurs
- intercourse is not painful
The addition of lactic acid to Premeno® duo pessaries ensures
an optimum degree of acidity in the vagina. Premeno ®duo restores the ‘healthy’ pH level in the vagina by replacing the lactic acid naturally present before the menopause.
The dual action of Premeno® duo (through the use of hyaluronic acid and lactic acid in the ovule) is therefore an ideal, additional combination treatment for preventing bacterial vaginosis in menopausal women.